COUNTRY OVERVIEW AND PROJECT BACKGROUND
When HCP was active in Tanzania in 2002/3, the population was approximately 33 million and was doubling every 21 years. The total fertility rate was 5.6 and the modern contraceptive rate was estimated at 15% (1999 Tanzania Reproductive and Child Health Survey). The population, as in many African countries, is young with half below the age of 15. Indicators of maternal and child health had not improved significantly over the previous decade. Infant and under-five mortality was high at 88 and 137 deaths per 1,000 births, respectively. Though there had been recent increases in both AIDS knowledge and HIV testing, to date, an estimated 1.5 million people were infected with HIV, and about one half million had AIDS.
HCP’s work in Tanzania focused on developing new approaches, expanded partnerships and building BCC capacity in the public, NGO and private sectors, building on its previous experience in Tanzania under PCS.
USAID/Tanzania’s overall strategic objective at the time was to increase use of RH/MCH preventive measures with an emphasis on improving the policy and legal environment, increasing the availability of quality services, and increasing the demand for specific quality services through the public, voluntary, and private sectors.
The Health Communication Partnership in Tanzania focused on the following USAID Mission Intermediate Results:
- IR 2: Availability of quality services increased
- IR 3: Demand for specific services increased
The HCP program in Tanzania developed a variety of RH/MCH initiatives, including the “Ishi” HIV/AIDS campaign, a quality improvement initiative, a national radio drama, and a variety of strategic planning and capacity building initiatives.
- Ishi HIV/AIDS campaign
- Quality Improvement and Recognition Initiative (Nuru Mpya)
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